Central Hammond is a neighborhood in western Hammond, Indiana, approximately between the Illinois state line and White Oak Avenue, north of 165th Street. It is bounded to the south by South Hammond and Woodmar, to the west by Calumet City, Illinois, to the north by North Hammond, and to the east by the East Chicago neighborhoods of Roxana and Southside. The sinuous Grand Calumet River marks the neighborhood’s northern boundary. The neighborhood’s boundaries correspond to Hammond’s Planning District III.
Central Hammond is made up of a patchwork of residential, commercial and institutional land uses. The neighborhood includes Hammond’s historic downtown, home of the State Street Commercial Historic District and Hohman Avenue Commercial Historic District, as well as the Hammond federal courthouse for the United States District Court for the Northern District of Indiana. Beyond the downtown, the neighborhood also contains the Forest–Moraine Residential Historic District in its southwestern corner.
Hessville is a neighborhood of Hammond, Indiana. Located in the southeast corner of Hammond, it adjoins the Hammond neighborhood of Woodmar to the west, the East Chicago neighborhood of Calumet to the north, the Gary neighborhoods of Westside and Black Oak to the east, and the town of Highland to the south.
Notable natural areas in Hessville include the Carlson Oxbow Park, Gibson Woods, and the Seidner Dune and Swale preserve operated by the Shirley Heinze Land Trust. Much of the neighborhood is built on a former dune and swale landscape.
Notable people from Hessville include Jean Shepherd, whose movie A Christmas Story is set in a fictionalized version of mid-20th-century Hessville.
The town was founded by local merchants Joseph and Elizabeth Hess in 1852. Hessville was incorporated in 1918, but following a legal battle, its incorporation was invalidated. The town was annexed by Hammond in 1923.
North Hammond is a neighborhood in western Hammond, Indiana, north of the Grand Calumet River and south of Wolf Lake. It is bounded to the south by Central Hammond, to the west by the Chicago neighborhood of Hegewisch, to the north by Robertsdale, and to the east by East Chicago. The neighborhood’s boundaries correspond to Hammond’s Planning District II. The neighborhood is traversed by the Indiana Toll Road, which has an exit into the neighborhood at Calumet Avenue, and by the South Shore Line railroad. Passenger trains for the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District stop at Hammond Station in the neighborhood.
The land area of North Hammond is dominated by industrial land uses. Residential uses are found chiefly south of the Indiana Toll Road. The greatest concentration of commercial activity is along Calumet Avenue, the neighborhood’s principal north-south thoroughfare.
North Hammond is sometimes considered to include Robertsdale, thus embracing all of Hammond from the Grand Calumet River to Lake Michigan.
Robertsdale is a neighborhood in northernmost Hammond, Indiana, north of 129th Street and south of Lake Michigan. It is bounded to the south by North Hammond, to the west by the Chicago neighborhood of East Side, to the north by Lake Michigan, and to the east by the town of Whiting and the city of East Chicago. The neighborhood’s boundaries correspond to Hammond’s Planning District I. The neighborhood is traversed by the Indiana Toll Road, which has an exit into the neighborhood at the Indianapolis Boulevard immediately east of the state line. Amtrak passenger trains pass through Hammond/Whiting station in the neighborhood.
The Whiting post office (46394) serves not only the city of Whiting but also this adjacent neighborhood in Hammond. Robertsdale and Whiting are “inextricably linked”, sharing, for example, a single chamber of commerce. In the early 20th century, Whiting and Robertsdale shared a common ethnic composition: nearly 90% Slavic and 50% Slovak. The economies of both Whiting and Robertsdale have historically been dominated by the Whiting Refinery, originally built by Standard Oil and now operated by British Petroleum.
Robertsdale’s geography is dominated by bodies of water: Wolf Lake and George Lake, largely surrounded by parkland, take up much of the neighborhood’s southern half. The remainder of the neighborhood is divided between industrial uses north of Wolf Lake and residential uses to the east of Wolf Lake. Commercial corridors run along the Calumet Avenue and Indianapolis Boulevard arteries. Local attractions include the Horseshoe Hammond casino, on the Lake Michigan shore.
The portion of the neighborhood near the northern tip of Wolf Lake corresponds to the former town of Roby. The name “Roby” continued long after the town was absorbed into Hammond, and the area was known in the early 20th century as a criminal haven. The Roby Speedway, a popular automotive racetrack, operated in the area from 1920 to 1936.
South Hammond is a neighborhood in southwestern Hammond, Indiana, approximately between the Illinois state line and Columbia Avenue, south of 165th Street. It is bounded to the east by Woodmar, to the south by the towns of Munster and Highland, to the west by Calumet City, Illinois, and to the north by Central Hammond. The Little Calumet River snakes along the neighborhood’s southern boundary. The neighborhood’s boundaries correspond to Hammond’s Planning District IV.
Home in the Indi-Illi Park Historic District in South Hammond. With the exception of a commercial strip along Calumet Avenue, South Hammond is overwhelmingly residential. Many of these residences are historic: South Hammond is home to the Indi-Illi Park Historic District, Roselawn–Forest Heights Historic District and Forest–Ivanhoe Residential Historic District.
Woodmar is a neighborhood in southeast Hammond, Indiana, approximately between Columbia and Kennedy Avenues. It is bounded to the east by Hessville, to the west by South Hammond, to the north by industrial land along United States Route 20, and to the south by the town of Highland. The neighborhood’s boundaries correspond to Hammond’s Planning District V.
Dominated by large single-family homes, Woodmar was largely built in the 1920s, with the goal of allowing the Calumet Region’s wealthier residents to get “out of the smoke zone and into the ozone.” In these early years, Woodmar was considered more exclusive than most Hammond neighborhoods.
Woodmar was formerly home to the Woodmar Mall. It is also home to the Hammond campus of Purdue University Northwest, formerly an independent institution known as Purdue University Calumet. Historic residences in the neighborhood include the Morse Dell Plain House and Garden.